World Refugee Day,on June 20 each year, is dedicated to raising awareness of the situation of refugees throughout the world.

On World Refugee Day, we commemorate the strength, courage and perseverance of millions of refugees. In a world where violence forces thousands of families to flee for their lives each day, the time is now to show that the global public stands with refugees. They are drowning at the hands of smugglers; they are being placed in sprawling camps with little access to services; and they are even being robbed by the mafia. Everywhere from Germany to Argentina, refugees are amassing at faster rates than ever before. To do this, the UN Refugee Agency launched the #WithRefugees petition in June 2018 to send a message to governments that they must work together and do their fair share for refugees. It is an obvious that refugee child gets an education, ensure every refugee family has somewhere safe to live and ensure every refugee can work or learn new skills to make a positive contribution to their community.

Refugees are vulnerable and in need, and are often misunderstood and maligned, and often have very little or nothing of their possessions and little food. they often have to abandon their homes with nothing or with what they can carry. They suffer cold, hunger, trauma, despair, disease, violence and loss. The awareness day is to help public understanding of refugees as well as raising support and help.


Refugee day activities

The annual commemoration is marked by a variety of events in more than 100 countries, involving government officials, humanitarian aid workers, celebrities, civilians and the forcibly displaced themselves. People honor the spirit and courage of millions of refugees worldwide on World Refugee Day. It is a day to recognize the contributions of refugees in their communities. Organizations such as Amnesty International and the International Rescue Committee (IRC) often get involved in various activities for the day. They may include:

  • Activist protests against using former prisons to detain migrants and asylum seekers.
  • Screenings of films about the lives of asylum seekers living in a western country.
  • Organization members visiting asylum seekers in detention to offer moral support.
  • Letters or petitions to governments on the treatment of asylum seekers in detention.

Each year, UNHCR announces a theme for its World Refugee Day campaign. Recent themes include:

  • 2012: 1 family torn apart by war is too many
  • 2010: 1 refugee forced to flee is too many
  • 2009: Home
  • 2008: Protection

Top refugee statistics

• Nearly one in 100 people worldwide have been pushed out of their homes due to war or political instability.

• Including 5.2 million Palestinian refugees, the total number of refugees in the world today is 21.3 million.

• Fifty-three percent of refugees come from Somalia, Afghanistan and Syria. Respectively, 1.1 million, 2.7 million, and 4.8 million refugees came from these countries.

• Germany, Hungary and Sweden have become the top destination countries in Europe for refugees.


Causes of refugee

Conventional wisdom holds that the global refugee crisis has placed an unprecedented burden on the world’s resources. Today, roughly 65 million people worldwide have been displaced by war or disaster. Around 20 million have fled across a border, becoming refugees. The Syrian Civil War alone forced people to flee the country on a scale the world hasn’t seen since World War II. Here are some major reasons of refugee:

1) Hunger and economy collapse

A forcibly displaced person is distinguished from an economic migrant. These economic migrants fall outside the mandates of the support structures offered by governments and non-governmental organizations for refugees. There are about 17 million displaced persons across the African continent, the Guardian reports, and only a small proportion of them are reaching the shores of the European continent. Many end up in sprawling, informal refugee camps like the town of Monguno in northeastern Nigeria.  Refugees fleeing hunger can, of course, also be escaping from other factors at the same time, including the rise of extremist groups like Boko Haram in Nigeria and the impacts of climate change.

2) Environment and Climate Change 

It’s estimated that in the next 83 years, a stunning 13 million coastal dwellers could be displaced by climate change, joining the teeming throngs of refugees and displaced people. People displaced by the effects of climate change have often been termed "climate refugees". The alarming predictions by the UN, charities and some environmentalists, that between 200 million and 1 billion people could flood across international borders to escape the impacts of climate change in the next 40 years are realistic.

3) Human rights violations

In countries ravaged by massive corruption and greed by those in political positions, many people have been forced to leave their homes in search of survival in foreign lands. The corruption and greed by those in power in such countries of too much wealth at the expense of many, and they end up grabbing property such as land from the marginalized and murdering the innocent, situations where even when one has the necessary qualifications, he or she cannot find work, all work positions are occupied by relatives who sometimes may not even be qualified for them, all the countries' resources are in the hands of the lucky few in political positions coupled by their misuse of surplus when many are suffering with nothing and remain in tears as is the case in many African nations.

4) War and civil war

In June 2015 the UN refugee agency reported that wars and persecutions are the main reasons behind the refugee crises all over the world. A decade earlier, six people were forced to leave their homes every 60 seconds, but this average has increased four times because of the wars that drive 24 people from their homes each minute in 2015. Most of history’s refugees have been the direct or indirect product of war. 

Currently, the largest group of refugees in the world are fleeing civil conflict in Syria, which has been raging since 2011 and has killed 400,000 Syrians and displaced 6.3 million internally. Another 5 million have left the country entirely. But before Syria, refugees fled wars in Iraq and Afghanistan in droves in the early 1980s, 90s and 2000s. Afghanistan, notably, had the largest number of refugees of any country in the world for more than two decades between 1981 and 2013, before being overtaken by Syria that year.


5) Social/Racial /Religious/Political Persecution

The most common reason people become refugees is persecution — which can take on many forms: religious, national, social, racial, or political. When it comes to religious refugees in the United States, the split between Christians and Muslims is quite even. According to Pew, 46% of refugees in 2016 who came to the US were Muslim and 44% Christian; 10% were other, including Hindus, Buddhists, and Jews. 

Around the world, religious refugees are everywhere: from Muslims persecuted in Myanmar to Christians in the Central African Republic to Hindus in Pakistan.  

6) Loss of hope

The other major reason of refugee is loss of hope. Feelings of uncertainty about the future are accompanied by miserable conditions, fueling a sense of despair and desperation. And these factors are enough to decide leaving a city or a country and becoming a member of the refugee society.

However, the most important thing about refugees and migrants must be considered is to behave morally with them. Governments should consider fair and avoid violence when arresting migrants and refugees.

Religions perspective and migration

In famous religions, the refuge and migration is ordered up for saving faith and religion and also for requiring a quality life. In Bible, Jesus Christ is enjoined to migrate for a secure and better life. Torah also mentions that the sons of Jacob migrate to Egypt as a shelter fleeing of hunger and famine. The holy Quran also accentuates that those who have believed and emigrated and fought in the cause of Allah and those who gave shelter and aided - it is they who are the believers, truly. For them is forgiveness and noble provision.

So, migration and refuge is respectful in all religions due to the faith and saving religion and other believers have been ordered to help them and try not to relinquish and ignore them because helping them increase their faith and get them closer to God.

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